Quarks tropes
for piano trio

Paul Frehner
Paul Frehner
Composition Date: 2007
Duration: 00:12:00
Genre: Strings (bowed), + Keyboard, Trio (Violin / Cello / Keyboard)


Instrumentation Set Number 1:
  • 1 x Piano
  • 1 x Violin
  • 1 x Violoncello
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Programme Note:
Quarks Tropes is a piece for piano trio that is loosely based on the movements 'Truth' and 'Strange' from my piece for solo piano Finnegans Quarks Revival. The two movements of this work are essentially tropes on the earlier piano piece.

The etymological root of the word trope is derived from the Greek tropos, which means to turn or change. In linguistics it is a figure of speech consisting of a play on words. In literature it is a repeated symbol or theme. In music there are various meanings of the word. In Medieval music troping was a compositional technique by which new words or notes, counterpoint for example, were added to an existing tune. Ah, dirais-je vous maman is an example of textual troping. There are many texts that have been written to be sung to this tune. For example, Bah Bah Black Sheep or Twinkle, Twinkle Little Star. There are many contemporary examples of this compositional idea. For instance, Weird Al Yankovic wrote new lyrics for Madonna's tune Like a Virgin and changed the title to Like a Surgeon.

The troping here consists of adding violin and cello parts to the preexisting piano part and in some instances extending and elaborating previous ideas. The piece is also somewhat referential to other pieces or genres, which can be considered a loose extension of troping technique.

This work was composed for the Trio Fibonacci during my residency at the Chapelle historique du Bon Pasteur in Montréal. It is dedicated to Guy Soucie, the director of the Chapelle historique du Bon Pasteur.

Premiere Information:
20/04/2007 Chapelle historique du Bon-Pasteur Montreal Le Trio Fibonacci Julie-Anne Derome, Gabriel Prynn, Jacynthe Riverin


  • Call Number:
  • MI 3233 F861qu
  • Genre:
  • Strings (bowed), + Keyboard, Trio (Violin / Cello / Keyboard)
  • Date of Acquisition:
  • October 8, 2008
  • Type:
  • Print-music, Published by CMC
  • Physical Description:
  • 1 score (ii, 26 p.) + 2 parts((16) p.) ; 28 cm.
    28 Pages
    Height: 28 cm
    Width: 22 cm
    Parts page count: 16
  • Additional Information:
  • violin, cello, piano
    I-Nothing but the Truth
    II-Isn't it Strange
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Available Products for this piece:

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5 X 35 X 3CD $13.98
Quarks Tropes for Piano Trio: Score
(downloadable PDF)
Quarks tropes for piano trio: Score and Parts
Score and Parts
(downloadable PDF)
Quarks tropes for piano trio by Paul Frehner (Score)
Printed on demand
Quarks tropes for piano trio by Paul Frehner (Score and Parts)
Printed on demand
Quarks tropes for piano trio
Library Loan
Copies of this work are available for loan from: Toronto, Montréal, Calgary, Vancouver