version for piano, four hands

Paul Frehner
Paul Frehner
Composition Date: 2010
Duration: 00:06:00
Genre: Keyboard, Piano, One Keyboard, Three or More Hands


Instrumentation Set Number 1:
  • 1 x Piano
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Programme Note:
In the 1960’s, American physicists Murray Gell-Mann and George Zweig developed a theory in which they proposed the existence of subatomic particles. Gell-Mann dubbed them ‘quarks’ after the passage ‘Three quarks for Muster Mark’ in James Joyce’s Finnegans Wake. In the years after their hypothesis six quarks, or elementary particles, were gradually discovered, the most recent being the top quark in 1995. The names of the six quarks are up, down, charm, strange, top and bottom.

After reading various texts on quarks and their behavioral tendencies my imagination was piqued and I composed an extended work for solo piano, entitled Finnegans Quarks Revival. The movements of this piece were inspired by and named after the whimsical names of the quarks.

The fifth movement, Charm, was conceived as a pseudo four-hand piece written for a single player. For this standalone version of Charm I took what was inherent in the solo piece and have arranged it for four hands.

After a brief intro the music proceeds with two layers of chordal melodic lines, one low and the other high. The two parts combine contrapuntally over an esoteric rhythmic pattern specially designed to have certain hypnotic qualities.

The Duo Sargasso gave the premiere performance of this version of Charm on June 30, 2010 at The Warehouse, London, UK.

Premiere Information:
30/06/2010 The Warehouse London, UK Duo Sargasso


  • Call Number:
  • MI 2120 F861ch
  • Genre:
  • Keyboard, Piano, One Keyboard, Three or More Hands
  • Date of Acquisition:
  • August 31, 2010
  • Type:
  • Print-music, Published by CMC
  • Physical Description:
  • 1 score (9 p.) ; 28 cm.
    9 Pages
    Height: 28 cm
    Width: 22 cm
  • Additional Information:
  • piano four hands
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Charm version for piano, four hands: Score
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Charm version for piano, four hands by Paul Frehner (Score)
Printed on demand
Charm version for piano, four hands
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